Thursday, June 23, 2011

The Legacy of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto

As a member of Pakistan's delegation to the United Nation in 1957, at the age of 29 years, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto addressed the Sixth Conference of the United Nations on "The Definition of Aggression", a speech which is still regarded as one of the best on the subject.  As a participant at the International Conference in Geneva, Switzerland in March,  1958 Zulfikar Ali Bhutto spoke for mankind with the bold declaration: "The High Seas are free to all."  He was the youngest Federal Cabinet member in the history of Pakistan,  at the age of 30.  Zulfikar Ali Bhutto held the key portfolios of Minister of Commerce, Minister of Information, Minister of National Reconstruction, Minister of Fuel, Power and Natural Resources before becoming the Foreign Minister.  As Minister of Fuel, Power and Natural Resources, he signed a path breaking  agreement for exploration of oil and gas   with Russia in 1960.  He set up a Gas and Mineral Development Corporation in 1961 and Pakistan's first refinery in 1962 at Karachi. 
Bhutto emerged on the world stage as Leader of the Pakistan Delegation to the UN in 1959.  To muster the support for Kashmir issue he successfully toured China, Britain, Egypt and Ireland.  He also held a series of talks with the Indian Foreign Minister Swaran Singh.    He was appointed Foreign Minister in 1963 and remained at that post until his resignation in June 1966. Bhutto made indelible imprints on world community by his inimitable oratorical skills in United Nation's General Assembly and the Security Council. He had the vision to build a strategic relationship with China at a time when it was isolated.  Zulfikar Ali Bhutto believed in an independent Foreign Policy which had hitherto been the hand maiden  of the Western Powers.  During his tenure as Foreign Minister, Pakistan and Iran cemented a special relationship.  His opposition to the Tashkent accord between India and Pakistan led to his resignation from the government.  Zulfikar Ali Bhutto believed in a Foreign Policy of bilateralism in which no state would be entitled to interfere in Pakistan's relations with other states. 
During his student days, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto had acquired an anti-Imperialist view of the world.  He was a firm believer in economic self reliance and political independence themes he  expounded in his famous book "Myth of Independence".  Bhutto's finest hour came in the reconstruction of Pakistan after the traumatic dismemberment of Pakistan upon the fall of Dhaka on 16th December, 1971. He successfully put the derailed nation back  on the track by rebuilding national institutions.  His lasting  achievement was the unanimous adoption of the Constitution in 1973.  He established the  Pakistan Steel Mills, Heavy Mechanical Complex Taxila,  Port Qasim Authority, Quaid-e-Azam University, Allama Iqbal Open University, Karachi Nuclear Power Plant; thus,  fortifying the  prosperity, integrity and security of Pakistan.  Using his experience as Foreign Minister, Bhutto cemented Pakistan's relation with Afro-Asian and Islamic countries and by 1976 had emerged as the Leader of the  Third World. As an author,  he brilliantly advocated the cause of hewers of wood and drawers of water of the Third World. 
Bhutto was the founder of Pakistan's Nuclear Program. Under his guidance and leadership as Minister for Fuel, Power and Natural Resources,  President and Prime Minister, Pakistan developed into the unique  Muslim State with a nuclear capability for which he paid with his life.  In his book "If I am Assassinated" written from the Death Cell, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto revealed  how Kissinger had said "We will make an example of you". 
The Pakistan People's Party won the elections held in 1977 with a large majority; but the conspirators soon joined hands with Ziaul Haq at the behest of foreign powers who feared Bhutto's capacity of uniting the Third World countries and sought to punish him for developing Pakistan's nuclear capacity, and imposed  Martial Law upon  the country on 5th July, 1977. Soon afterwards, Bhutto was arrested and on 18th March, 1978, was sentenced to death in a politically motivated murder trial. The majority of original Court was for acquittal but was whittled down to a 4-3 verdict by the retirement of two judges.   Despite appeals of clemency from several world leaders, Bhutto was executed on 4th April, 1979.  The great leader of downtrodden masses and a visionary of unparalleled charisma will forever be remembered by his countrymen as Quaid-e-Awam (Leader of the Masses). 


  1. Being student of Law I think that Martyrdom of Our Great leader Shaheed Zulfqar Ali Bhutto was misfortune for Pakistan and Muslim world, Quaid-e-Awam was martyred in allegation of abatement u/s 109 PPC however there was no any proof for that.This was judicial killing.

  2. Asifa Bhutto is great dughter of great Shaheed Mohtarma Benazeer Bhutto

  3. I have already request to intiate to take a step forward for treatment of sugar bring 1st time in Pakistan, but U have nothing to do in this regard.

    This is a big achievement of Great Britian so plz do for that.